From the International Dyslexia Association:
"Dyslexia is one of several distinct learning disabilities. It is a specific language-based disorder of constitutional origin characterized by difficulties in single word decoding, usually reflecting insufficient phonological processing abilities. These difficulties in single word decoding are often unexpected in relation to age and other cognitive and academic abilities; they are not the result of generalized developmental disability or sensory impairment. Dyslexia is manifest by variable difficulty with different forms of language, often including, in addition to problems reading, a conspicuous problem with acquiring proficiency in writing and spelling.
Can individuals who are dyslexic learn to read?
"Yes, if children who are dyslexic get effective phonological training in Kindergarten and 1st grade, they will have significantly fewer problems in learning to read at grade level than do children who are not identified or helped until 3rd grade." For those who have not acquired phonological training by first grade, software programs, such as the Language Tune-Up Kit, are a highly effective approach that teach the dyslexic student how to read.
"74% of the children who are poor readers in 3rd grade remain poor readers in the 9th grade. This means that they can't read well as adults.
"It is never too late for individuals with dyslexia to learn to read, process and express information more efficiently. Research shows that programs utilizing multi sensory structured language techniques can help children and adults learn to read."
From the International Dyslexia Association:
Actually, our LTK software does the same thing that a tutor will do--for a lot less money! If you are seeking a tutor
in your area, we suggest that you contact one of the following organizations:
The International Dyslexia Association: Tel: 410-296-0232 website: www.interdys.org
The Learning Disabilities Association Tel: 412-341-1515 website: www.ldanatl.org
Where Can I Get Tested for Dyslexia?
The best resource is a local child psychologist. They have specific tests for dyslexia. Check your Yellow Pages.
What Causes Dyslexia?
"The causes for dyslexia are neurobiological and genetic. Research shows that individuals inherit the genetic links
for dyslexia. One of your immediate family members (parent, spouse, aunt, uncle, brother, or sister) is dyslexic.
More than one of your children could also be dyslexic."
From the Learning Disabilities Association of America:
"Many children, including children with learning disabilities, do not learn to read in the first grade because they lack the basic readiness skills or the school's method is not appropriate for them. They may be allowed to fail for two or three years without effective intervention. Unless these children are identified early and appropriate instruction provided they may be passed along in school until basic reading instruction is no longer available. Quality reading programs must be available across the age range if we are to significantly reduce illiteracy. While accommodations may be appropriate, they must not be substituted for direct reading instruction.
"Common educational practice is for schools and adult literacy programs to adopt a single method for teaching reading, with the assumption that it will be effective for everyone. Research indicates that some students with learning disabilities need a multisensory phonics approach, with instruction in phonological awareness; some students need a more meaning-based approach; while other students need interventions to address comprehension problems. For many students a combination of approaches is effective."
Software programs, such as the Language Tune-Up Kit, are an effective aid in addressing the needs of teachers and parents who wish to provide remedial reading instruction.
Letter reversals are not common to all who have learning challenges. However, recent research suggests that dairy products are a common cause of this situation. Students who consume cow's milk, cheese and ice cream often exhibit the symptoms of letter reversals, confusing the letters "b", "d", and "p" with one another.
The solution to letter reversals? Eliminate dairy products from the student's diet for two weeks. Substitute a product like "Rice Dream", which is a cow's milk substitute based on rice, not soy. It contains vitamin B12, which helps maintain healthy nerve cells and red blood cells, and is also needed to make DNA, the genetic material in all cells. If a noticeable change has occurred after two weeks of this test, your student should eliminate dairy products from his or her diet, and may be allergic to dairy products as a whole.
The first president of the United States, George Washington, was dyslexic. So was Albert Einstein. Dyslexia, which of a person — even one with above-average intelligence — to read, write and spell. Dyslexics also may have problems putting things in order, following instructions, and differentiating between left and right.
Thought to be genetic and hereditary, some forms of dyslexia can also be caused when hearing problems at an early age affect a person’s language comprehension skills. Doctors still don’t know for sure what causes dyslexia, but they say there is a correlation between left-handedness and the learning disability in many families. It is estimated that one in 10 children is dyslexic. And more males are affected than females.
Dyslexic children can usually succeed at the same levels as others once they are diagnosed and start receiving extra support and attention at home and school. Children suspected of suffering from dyslexia undergo a series of reading, spelling, drawing, math and intelligence tests, as well as visual tests, laterality tests, visual scanning tests, sequencing and other tests to examine which brain functions are interfering with their acquisition of normal school learning.
Dyslexia also affects adults, but those who receive attention early in life often learn how to compensate for the disability by adulthood.
Dyslexic adults, however, tend to continue to have difficulty with language skills throughout their lives. But a dyslexia diagnosis is no barrier to success.
Some famous dyslexics include children’s book writer Hans Christian Anderson, U.S. Army General George Patton, Italian artist, painter and inventor Leonardo Da Vinci, telephone inventor Alexander Graham Bell, actors Whoopi Goldberg, Henri Winkler, Tom Cruise and Orlando Bloom.